Death of the mother of King Mohammed VI of Morocco.. Algeria offers its condolences

A communiqué issued by the Moroccan Royal Court announced, on Friday, that King Mohammed VI issued directives to the Supreme Scientific Council (an official religious institution concerned with fatwas) “with the intention of studying the issues contained in some of the proposals of the body charged with reviewing the Family Code, based on the principles and provisions of the true Islamic religion, and its tolerant purposes.” And a fatwa was issued regarding it.

The source added that this referral comes after the body charged with reviewing the code completed its tasks within the specified period, and submitted its proposals to the Moroccan king, “who, in view of the connection of some proposals to religious texts, required referring the matter to the Supreme Scientific Council, which Article 41 of the Constitution made of it the authority.” “The only one qualified to issue officially approved fatwas.”

The Moroccan monarch called on the Scientific Council, “while issuing fatwas on the proposals presented to it,” to take into account the contents of the royal message addressed to the Prime Minister “calling for the adoption of the virtues of moderation and open, constructive ijtihad, in light of the rule that His Majesty has always expressed, of not permitting what is forbidden to be permitted or what is permissible to be forbidden.”

In 2004, Morocco approved the Family Code, which is currently in effect after heated debates, to replace the Personal Status Code that was established in 1958 after the country’s independence.

The new code was considered at the time to be a human rights revolution and a legal gain for Moroccan women. However, as the years passed, human rights organizations began to talk about gaps in the code that needed new reforms.

In his 2022 Throne Speech, the Moroccan monarch said that “if the Family Code has represented a leap forward, it is no longer sufficient,” adding that “experience has shown that there are several obstacles that stand in the way of completing this process and preventing the achievement of its goals.”

About a year later, specifically last September, the Moroccan King called for consultations in order to amend the Code and submit recommendations to him within 6 months.

Accordingly, the body charged with reviewing the Code (consisting of the Minister of Justice, the President Delegate of the Supreme Judicial Council, the Chief Public Prosecutor, the Secretary General of the Supreme Scientific Council, the President of the National Council for Human Rights, and the Minister of Solidarity, Social Inclusion and the Family) held hearings in which official institutions, political parties, human rights organizations, experts and others participated. .

In late March, the Prime Minister of Morocco received the members of this body and received from them their proposals regarding reviewing the Code, with the intention of submitting it to the Moroccan King.

Many of the amendments that human rights activists are demanding to be introduced to the Family Code raise intense disagreement and debate between conservatives who defend the necessity of these amendments being linked to the Islamic authority, and modernists who stress the necessity of them responding to international agreements.

Among the requirements that human rights activists are demanding to be reviewed in the Family Code are those related to the marriage of minors, divorce, legal guardianship over children, up to joint custody, proof of lineage, polygamy, inheritance, and others.

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