Doha talks on Afghanistan begin with Taliban government’s first participation | News

Launched in the Qatari capital Doha Yesterday, Sunday, the third round of talks was held with the participation of UN officials and special envoys to… Afghanistanand between representatives of the government Taliban They are participating for the first time in this round of talks.

According to To the United Nations The talks aim to “increase international engagement with Afghanistan in a more robust, coordinated and structured manner.” The agenda for the two-day talks also includes counter-narcotics and economic issues, key topics for authorities in the impoverished country.

The UN spokesman said they met with the Taliban delegation and that “preparatory discussions have begun separately with the United Nations, with the special envoys present and with Taliban representatives.”

In the opening session of the talks, Qatari Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Mohammed bin Abdulaziz bin Saleh Al-Khulaifi reiterated Qatar’s firm commitment to the Afghan people and its support for regional and international efforts aimed at enhancing stability and security in Afghanistan, noting that these ongoing efforts constitute an affirmation of Qatar’s effective participation in the Afghan issue.

Al-Khalifi pointed out that this meeting builds on the results and momentum of the previous two meetings and in particular enhances the collective commitment to work directly with the caretaker government in Afghanistan, find common ground and unify efforts to support the Afghan people by alleviating their suffering, addressing the various challenges they face and investing in these future opportunities.

UN officials and more than 20 envoys, including the US special representative for Afghanistan, are expected to meet with a Taliban government delegation headed by its spokesman. The sacrifice of Allah is a mujahid.

Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid
Zabiullah Mujahid represents the Taliban government in the talks (Al Jazeera)

Proactive statements

“The Taliban authorities recognize the issues related to women,” Mujahid said at a press conference in Kabul on the eve of the talks, stressing that “these issues are Afghanistan’s issues and we are working to find a logical path towards solutions within Afghanistan so that our country does not fall into conflict and discord again.”

Mujahid added via his account on the “X” website that the Taliban government delegation held meetings in Doha with special envoys from Russia, India and Uzbekistan.

He also pointed out that the delegation “met with a Saudi representative and held constructive talks, noting that Riyadh wants to reopen its embassy in Kabul as soon as possible.”

Ahead of the UN meeting, Taliban foreign ministry official Zakir Jalali stressed that any meetings held after July 1 “have nothing to do” with the official agenda.

There were doubts about the Taliban government’s attendance at the third round of talks today after it was not included in the first round launched by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in May last year, and then the Taliban government rejected an invitation to attend the second round last February.

The Taliban authorities were excluded from the first round, and then refused to participate in the second “unless its members were the sole representatives of the country.” This condition was met in this round.

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Criticism

UN and international delegations will have the opportunity to meet with civil society representatives, including women’s rights groups, after the conclusion of the main meetings.

Human rights groups have criticised the exclusion of Afghan women from key meetings and the failure to include human rights issues on the agenda.

“Giving in to the Taliban’s conditions to secure its participation in the talks would risk legitimizing a system of institutionalized gender-based oppression,” Amnesty International’s Agnes Callamard said in a statement ahead of the talks.

In this context, Hamid Hakimi, an expert on Afghan affairs, told Agence France-Presse that there is “real” concern in the international community about women’s rights and the role of civil society in the country.

But he made it clear that international policymakers, “while accepting that the Taliban is not a perfect player in the game, also recognize that there is this gap that the Afghans themselves have not filled.”

“There is a humanitarian situation that requires funding, and on the other hand, human suffering cannot be alleviated without political participation,” he added.

In recent years, several governments, international organizations and humanitarian agencies have cut or severely reduced their funding to Afghanistan in response to the Taliban’s return to power in August 2021, dealing a serious blow to the already struggling economy.

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3 years of isolation

Since its return to power, no country has officially recognized the Taliban authorities. Even Nicaragua, which appointed an ambassador to cable A week ago you did not mention recognizing the Taliban government.

Last September, China appointed an ambassador to Afghanistan. The Chinese Foreign Ministry announced at the time that its ambassador had presented his credentials at a ceremony held in the Afghan capital, considering it a “natural rotation aimed at continuing to advance dialogue and cooperation between the two countries.”

“As a traditional friendly neighbor of Afghanistan, China has always maintained diplomatic relations and exchanges and cooperation in various fields with Afghanistan,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry said when taking the step.

No foreign government has officially recognized the Taliban, and Beijing has not said whether the appointment of its ambassador signals any broader steps toward formal recognition of the Taliban.

Since then, other countries and organizations, such as: Pakistan AndEuropean UnionSenior diplomats are appointed to lead diplomatic missions using the title of “chargé d’affaires”, which does not require the presentation of ambassadorial credentials to the host country.

It is noteworthy that the Taliban movement took control of the Afghan capital on August 15, 2021, after the US withdrawal and the disintegration of the Afghan security forces, which were formed with Western support over the years, and the escape of the president. Ashraf Ghani Supported by the United States.

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