Have international parties finally realized the dangers of the Sudan crisis? | Politics

Khartoum- As the 15th month of the war in Sudan approaches, in April of last year, and its humanitarian and security repercussions escalate, diplomatic and political movements have been active, with visits by officials from neighboring countries to… Port Sudan And the countries of the region, and conferences were held for civil and political forces to bring their positions closer towards resolving the crisis that the country is experiencing.

Within the framework of the political movement to end the war, it hosts the African Union At its headquarters in Addis AbabaOn Wednesday, for a period of 5 days, a preparatory conference for the Sudanese political and civil forces was held, 4 days after a similar conference in Cairo that brought together Sudan’s rivals for the first time since the outbreak of the war, but disagreements overshadowed its final statement.

For its part, the Sudanese Civil Democratic Forces Alliance (Taqaddum) announced today its apology for attending the African conference for several reasons, most notably that the consultation was not sufficient regarding the invited participating parties, and that there are reservations on the part of the alliance regarding the conference agenda and the African Union’s involvement of elements it considers to support the continuation of the war.

Source: Transitional Sovereignty Council Port Sudan 7-9-2024 Today, the joint talks session between Sudan and Ethiopia began at the Guest Palace in Port Sudan, where the Sudanese side was headed by the Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council, Lieutenant General #AbdelFattah Al-Burhan. The Ethiopian side was headed by Prime Minister #Abiy_Ahmed.
Al-Burhan and Abiy Ahmed overcame a previous dispute related to Ethiopia’s statements on the conflict in Sudan (Sovereignty Council)

Ethiopian position

In his first visit to the eastern Sudanese city of Port Sudan since the outbreak of clashes, the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy AhmedTuesday, closed talks with the head of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah Al-Burhanto discuss the Sudanese crisis and end the war, before they were joined by ministers and senior officials in intelligence and military intelligence.

Sources in the Sovereignty Council revealed to Al Jazeera Net that the two sides overcame the tension in relations following Abiy Ahmed’s statements in July 2023 about the vacuum in Sudan’s leadership, and then his reception of the commander of the Rapid Support Forces. Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo “Hemedti” In Addis Ababa and celebrate it.

The same sources explained that the Ethiopian Prime Minister offered to play a role in bringing the positions of Burhan and Hemedti closer together to resume peace talks. The two sides also approved measures for security cooperation and coordination to maintain stability on the borders of the two countries, especially preventing the infiltration of militants on both sides of the border, especially after the approaching military confrontations between the army andRapid support From the Ethiopian border.

Abiy Ahmed had stated before his country’s parliament on July 4 that Ethiopia did not exploit the ongoing conflict in Sudan “to reclaim lands that the Sudanese army entered, taking advantage of our war with… Tigray Liberation FrontBut morally, we will not exploit the war conditions that the Sudanese people, who stood by us in all difficult times, are going through by hosting the Ethiopians on their lands.”

He stressed that their position on the conflict in Sudan is neutral, and is represented in supporting bringing the two parties to the conflict to the dialogue and peace table and ending the war, as the Ethiopian Prime Minister had previously mediated between civilians and the military after the fall of the regime of the ousted president. Omar al-BashirHe was also active in peace efforts through the Intergovernmental Authority on Development in East Africa.IGAD

The President of South Sudan is also expected to visit Port Sudan. Salva Kiir Mayardit During the next two days, consultations will be held with Burhan, according to sources in the Sudanese Foreign Ministry to Al Jazeera Net.

Jeddah pulpit revitalization

On Monday, in Port Sudan, Al-Burhan discussed with Saudi Deputy Foreign Minister Walid bin Abdul Karim Al-Khuraiji the resumption of the Jeddah negotiations to stop the war.

Sudanese Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs Hussein Awad said that the talks addressed the call to resume it, and that Burhan stressed Sudan’s keenness to make the forum a success, but in the context of expanding the circle of sponsors, he expressed his reservations about the presence of any party supporting the Rapid Support Forces.

The Saudi-American mediation in the Jeddah forum had suspended the negotiations on December 3, 2023, after an exchange of accusations between the Sudanese army and the Rapid Support Forces of not implementing confidence-building measures and ending the Rapid Support Forces’ military presence in major cities and civilian facilities.

In Djibouti, IGAD Secretary-General Workneh Gebeyehu received US Special Envoy to the Horn of Africa Mike Hammer, and they discussed the current situation in the region with a focus on Sudan, stressing the need to accelerate the peace process.

The United Nations also called on the Sudanese army and the Rapid Support Forces to hold indirect negotiations at the end of this week in Geneva, Switzerland, to discuss facilitating the delivery of aid to those affected by the fighting and protecting civilians.

Agents Failed

Political analyst and former Foreign Ministry spokesman Al-Obeid Ahmed Marouh believes that the United States has become convinced that “its agents’ estimates of the results of the Sudan war did not come out as they wanted, and that the administration… Biden “You want an end to the war before the US elections in November.”

Although foreign affairs constitute only a small part of the American voter’s concerns, the analyst believes, in an interview with Al Jazeera Net, that the failure of the American administration to achieve any accomplishment in favor of international peace, as in the cases of Ukraine and Gaza, makes it see the project to stop the war in Sudan as an incentive to improve its image and ensure the continued support of African Americans and other pressure groups interested in the Darfur region.

The spokesman added that those concerned with the Sudanese file from the major and regional countries want to settle the Sudanese conflict as soon as possible, so that they can devote themselves to other issues and conflicts that affect them and the future of the region, but he does not expect a final settlement soon, due to the depth of the dispute between the Sudanese parties.

At the same time, it is not unlikely that a settlement will be reached and a date will be set for a ceasefire and the passage of humanitarian aid within the next two months, if the international and regional momentum continues.

Writer and political analyst Khaled Saad believes that the recent political movements are driven by the international and regional community’s view that the situation in Sudan is catastrophic and confusing, and may reach the brink of the abyss, and that the war could complete its cycle and sweep away international and regional interests with it.

According to the analyst for Al Jazeera Net, ignoring the war in the previous stage was intentional in order to exhaust both sides of the war, but the conflicting interests increased the aggravation of the situation, and anxiety began to grow after Khartoum approached Moscow, and concerns about the security of the Red Sea increased, in addition to fears of the emergence of extremist groups exploiting the security situation in Sudan.

The spokesman believes that the Cairo Conference of Sudanese Forces and then the Addis Ababa Conference are attempts to bridge the gap between the parties to end the crisis, because the continuation of the political division contributes to prolonging the war.

However, he believes that the mixed motives of the conference sponsors may complicate the comprehensive solution to the crisis, which requires a more independent will from the parties to ease the pressure of international pressure seeking to stop the war without radical solutions.

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